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Pilot applications

Drawing on the outputs from the feasibility studies 5 sites were originally planned to be fully developed into pilot applications (ITALY, Borgo Panigale (Bologna); AUSTRIA, Purbach am Neusiedlersee (Lake Neusiedl);  GREECE, Kastoria; GREECE, Volos; IRELAND, South Tipperary). 

However, due to the committment of the stakeholders involved, a further two feasibility studies are being developed to full pilot status (SPAIN, Island of Formentera; PORTUGAL, Almada)

The implementation of the pilots will include:

  • design and implementation of ICT solutions supporting operation and coordination of innovative flexible mobility services
  • specification of the energy and environmental issues and goals
  • definition of the reference indicators and of the common Measurements and Evaluation Plan
  • implementation of the supporting organisational and normative measures required to achieve the planned sustainable mobility policy
  • start up the pilot demonstration with data collection and evaluation of flexible mobility services impacts

Pilot Applications


The 7 pilot sites have different characteristics and needs, thus allowing the investigation of flexible transport solutions across a range of operational environments. Despite the variation in operational environments there remains the need to conduct a comparative evaluation of the performance of each pilot in order to identify those that are performing well and highlight those in which improvements could be made.  This task is being led by the University of Aberdeen with contribution from all partners.  

The other main objective of such a cross-site evaluation is to develop guidance based on an empirical evidence framework to inform politicians and decision makers, contemplating introducing FTS, on the best approach and likely subsidy requirements of introducing a FTS for their circumstances.

In order to conduct the cross site evaluation all pilot site partners participated in the collection of pilot study service data in a consistent fashion following the structured framework for data collection detailed in the Task 5.1 Evaluation Plan. 


This included collection of data related to:

·        population of target groups and size of the area served by the service,

·        passenger numbers carried and fare revenues generated,

·        operational veh-km driven and operational hours,

·        number and type of vehicles with vehicle emissions information,

·        operating costs to include costs of driver wages, vehicle maintenance, fuel, maintenance, management,

·        cost of vehicles and vehicle depreciation costs,

·        call centre, software, in-vehicle equipement and communication costs,

·        details of any grant funding or subsidies received.


This data enabled cross-site comparison and evaluation of the design characteristics of the services developed.


The pilot site partners also conducted a short user survey to elicit the changes in mobility and travel patterns which the FT service has enabled as well as establishing the satisfaction of the service with users. 


The results of the Cross Site Evaluation are available in Deliverable D8.

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