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SPAIN, Island of Formentera

"DRTs for a Spanish little Island area of relatively low density population in winter season and a great number of tourists in summer season".

The feasibility study is an evaluation and update of the new model of public transport put in place last year, with an analysis and design for the implementation of 'voice intercoms' at bus stops.

The priority of the Insular Council of Formentera is to provide adequate public transport to meet the real necessities of the island, for local citizens and for tourists that visit the island in summer season especially. This adequacy supposes the modification of certain services and the incorporation of flexible services of transport more accessible to the needs of the users. This is the framework where the Flipper Project providesessed well and  a good opportunity for the insular partner and their local initiatives in flexible public transport. 

Currently there are 24 taxis licenses and just 1 bus operator who has the exclusive use for bus services in the Island with an old administrative concession.   The base of the beginning of the feasibility study was the New Public Transport Planning that was approved by the Insular Council of Formentera in October 2008. From this we have realized some modifications of services for  this year 2010 to increase the flexibility of the services offered.

All the services for high season and low season are listed below.
- Bus High season: L1 Circular, L2 Longest, L3 Natural Circuit, L4 Cala Saona, N3 Night bus.
- Bus Low season: L2 Longest.
- Taxi Low season: L1 Circular
- Elderly people’s service.
- Young people’ s service.

Formentera is the smallest inhabitant island of the Balearics with a population of 9.000 persons, of that; thousand elderly persons are living in the island all the year. There is a specific flexible transport service for this people. They have a taxi free service to go from home to the Local Hospital and also to the Elderly Centers. They utilise a card with fifteen trips for month or twenty trips if they are a married couple. They can use the service all the year and the taxi could operate on a shared basis if it is necessary. People that need to use this service just have to call for a taxi using a phone number.

In Formentera it is necessary to differentiate two stages: High season (from April to September) and Low season, (from October to the end of March). The High season is when the most serious seasonal peaks of traffic happen due to the visit of tourists (36.000p/2009) and it is when the island supports more pollution by traffic, being in danger not only the environmental impact but also the individual safety of the persons. The proposal of the Insular Council of Formentera wants to promote the public transport to reduce the transport deprived of rent vehicles. For it, it has been necessary to restructure lines, routes and period of the day and the night to offer valid solutions in collective transport to the visitors. 

The flexible services in the Island at the moment are:
- A bus line operated by taxis at demand in Low season, winter.
- A shared taxi service for young people in the evening at weekends.
- A bus circuit in the natural park operated with electrical buses.
- A taxi service at demand for elderly resident people of Formentera.


The feasibility study is structured in 2 parts (following the proposal of Flipper ,Position Paper3). In the first one, “Planning Stages” have defined and collected all the stages listed in the slide below, and in the second one “Implementation Stages” a third part of the steps are realized and the ICT implantation will be developed later this year.

The feasibility study has progressed well and it is the intention to implant the project pilot in October 2010. In the slide below you can see the status of the activities to date.  The next steps consist of the installation of Voice intercoms in the bus stops and the preparation of the project to start up a call center in the Insular Council of Formentera, with a specific software and hardware for the integral management of the public transport in the Island.


These pages will be developed as the feasibility study progresses.

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